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This is further compounded by the existence several companies that have used the name "York" since then, including Boosey and Hawkes, the American company Brook Mays and the current manufacturer Schreiber & Keilwerth in Markneukirchen, Germany.Since Carl Fischer chose to outsource some York models and use assemblies from other companies under their control (such as Blessing), trying to make sense of anything not built in Grand Rapids has been compared to trying to herd cats.Few of the manufacturers produced instruments during the last 2-3 years of World War II.All of the manufacturers exhibit a dramatic growth in production immediately following World War II. They were created by taking the last number I have obtained in what seems to be an unbroken sequence of serial numbers (up to cornet 308783), and distributing them until the factory was closed in 1971, regardless of manufacturing source.Certainly there were relationships with Blessing, Boehm and Meinl, and many more manufacturers once Carl Fischer took over the company. In my opinion, since we know for a fact that York was involved in several tradenames (such as Grand Rapids Band Instrument Co), unlisted brass manufacture (why would they need workmen and a foreman in the 1890’s?I have chosen not to address any volume and run rate issues which occurred in York’s contemporary advertising. ) and also other activities (drums (4), woodwinds, and even strings appear in their various catalogs, along with other instruments they made, like bugles) it seems beyond the scope of this list to attempt to reconcile it.There is now an expanded information base of over 2,600 York instruments to reference, starting with"York & Son" in 1887 and continuing through several name changes until the Grand Rapids plant was closed in 1971.For more information, go to the Detailed Record of York Instruments.
Since most of the 100xx series "Couturier Wizard" cornets are not marked with Couturier’s patent (Sep 23, 1913) , I have placed them in 1913.Following the list are the facts and assumptions which were used to create it.This guide was started using details of just a few hundred surviving York instruments.The numbering seems consistent beyond this point, so I have chosen to begin this list with the "York & Sons" marked horns. The company, with experienced personnel, is well positioned to have an established run rate as it enters the twentieth century, not only having the main office and factory in Grand Rapid, Michigan, but also a branch office in Chicago (YMJ). Goble as head of a testing department and being responsible for testing each BBb bass, Eb bass, baritone, and slide trombone .In fact, the 1898 edition of York’s Musical Journal contains references to York having built and sold Eb soprano and Bb cornets, band and orchestra horns, baritone and slide trombones, Eb and BBb bass. In 1903 the "Professional" model cornet was announced and put into production (1).Soloist Steve Crean "agrees to select and test all Cornets made by us". The earliest such cornet on my information base is numbered 7672.There is also cornet numbered 8497, which engraved as being presented on Christmas, 1903, so it was undoubtedly made before that date.Additionally, we would be grateful to anyone who owns a York horn not listed to contact us with the name, type, cities, and serial number (etc.). When California State University, Los Angeles stopped maintaining his site, and with the data I had collected, I attempted to recreate the dating work he had done using his own pioneering work while adding additional instrument data (including saxophones), patent research, new information that has come to light, and information gleaned from Horn-u-copia. Swain had cautioned that a five year spread on either side ( -) would be most accurate when dating an instrument using his original work.It would be nice to build our lists using horns other primarily than just those that are being sold. I am now fairly confident that the list should be accurate within a year or two.Three instruments have come to light bearing the "York & Son" name as makers, as well as two "De Maer" cornets marked with "York & Son" as agents.Langwill has no mention of any "De Maer", either in Paris, nor anywhere else (NLI). In 1898 the company is renamed "York & Sons" in recognition of JW York’s second son, Frank W. The oldest "York & Sons" instrument that I am aware of is a "Weldon Model" cornet bearing serial number 1168.